ABOUT ÇAYKARAThe history of town is related to that of Trabzons in general. According to historical reports, the town has been settled down by so many tribes since Hittites. It fell under the hegemony of Pechenegs and Byzantines. Ultimately, in 1461, Mehmed II took Trabzon from Pontus Empire and it came under the rule of Ottoman Empire. In 1915, during the World War I, the town was invaded by Russian Army. "Martyrs Hill" that is on 27 km south of the town, in Sultan Murat Plateau, is the immortal monument of Turkish soldiers who martyrized in this war.
While Caykara was an affiliated village to Of town, it became a town in 1947. February 27 is our town's salvation day and June 23 is celebrated as Memorial Day of Sultan Murat Martyrs.
Caykara has mountanious, sloping and rocky structure. It is 75km away from Trabzon Province. Town centre is 280m above the sea level and 25km inland. It was founded in a valley which lays from Of to Bayburt direction. Springs, which come from Soğanlı Mountains and the mountains that are on east and south of Uzungol district, links up on the foots of Atakoy Village and became Solakli Stream and then, it flows into the sea in Of Town. Because Solakli Stream is narrow, the settlement around this stream is narrow, too. It is one of the 6 towns of Trabzon Province which is inland. Of-DernekpazarıÇaykara- Bayburt state highway follows Solakli stream. Located on the borders of Bayburt Province, Soganli Mountains' height is about 4000 meters.